New Greater Moscow
Client : Ville de Moscou
Architect planner : Antoine Grumbach & Associés
Architect : Wilmotte & Associés SA
Russian associate architects : Sergueï Tkachenko
Transport consultant : Egis International
Energy consultant : Elioth
Landscape architect : Villes & Paysages
Area : Moscou : 110 000 ha
Expansion: 158 000 ha
Development Potential : 80 millions de m² de planchers
Development strategies for New Greater Moscow, with the goal of addressing congestion in the City of Moscow whose population is expected to reach 14 million by 2025.
The City of Moscow launched an international selection process in 2012 for the development of New Greater Moscow. A 168,000 hectare area (one and half times the area of the existing city) has been identified for the expansion of a city which currently has approximately 12 million inhabitants.
Three goals were set forth in the project specification:
- large-scale city master plan
- design for the expansion of the City of Moscow
- site plan for a federal centre and district with residences and services.
First prize for their master plan and expansion projects was awarded to the Antoine Grumbach/Wilmotte & Associés SA team. Moscow's DNA was celebrated as a blend of city and forest in the large blocks of the historic centre and in the 20th century public housing districts. The team paid close attention to the quality of daily life and all the team’s recommendations showed great respect for heritage.
The urban development strategy was based on the concept of giving structure to the existing urban axis rather than creating new towns.
A comprehensive public transportation plan was drafted. This plan calls for several rapid train lines serving the airports alongside the Moscow ring road (MKAD). The intermodality – including connecting to the underground network and tram lines – should resolve congestion problems. In addition, a new underground line, the NML (New Moscow Line), will serve the historic centre and the expansion area. This project will serve as a model for future expansion. Development plans for the South-West expansion are rooted in the premise that the existing city and its expansion must be part of a coordinated development strategy. There are major railway corridors and numerous industrial brownfields available within the urban area.
Moscow’s Moskova River has to undergo comprehensive development to rise to the standard expected of a major international city. The team's proposals also include recommendations on governance and economic development based on the expertise of the French team, the experience of Moscow architect Serguei Tkachenko, and the research of Moscow's HSE (Higher School of Economy) led by professor Irina Illina.